Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
Diabetes currently affects more than 285 million people worldwide. A further 344 million are at high risk of developing diabetes. The International Diabetes Federation predicts that by 2030, over 435 million people will live with diabetes worldwide. Diabetes is one of several non-communicable diseases that threaten to overwhelm healthcare systems and are emerging as a serious barrier to economic development.
Diabetes Education and Prevention is the World Diabetes Day theme for the period 2009-2013. WSMI supports the campaign’s goal of encouraging governments to implement and strengthen policies for the prevention and control of diabetes and its complications. Patient education can lead to more effective self-care and have a positive impact on the patients’ quality of life and on the economy overall. “With the high burden of disease and increase in noncommunicable diseases, there is a need to refocus on health promotion, disease prevention and self-care during illness” (WHO 2009).
- About Self-Care
- About World Diabetes Day