A High-level meeting of the UN General Assembly took place in New-York on 10-11 July 2014 to undertake a comprehensive review and assessment of the 2011 Political Declaration on Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs). It was discussed that overall NCDs are beginning to receive the necessary recognition at the global level, but this is not yet translated into implementation and action at national and community levels. An Outcome Document was drawn up which will be an important political tool in accelerating the response to NCDs worldwide.
According to WHO, noncommunicable diseases are by far the leading cause of death in the world, killing more than 36 million people each year and representing 63% of all annual deaths. Some 80% of all NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Prevention is key in the fight against the global epidemic of chronic diseases and it is essential to encourage and support people to take a greater responsibility for their health and make changes to their lifestyles, including through the development of self-care health policies and a greater availability of non-prescription medicines worldwide.